differences between hardwood and softwood

- Jun 05, 2020-

Characteristics

Hardwood

Softwood

Definition

From angiosperm trees that are not monocots and usually broad-leaved and Has vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood, hardwood is formed and these elements appear as pores under a microscope.

From gymnosperm trees which usually have needles and cones and rays, softwood is formed and tracheids transport water and produce sap and have no visible pores because of tracheids under a microscope.

Uses

In high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and construction that need to last, hardwoods are more likely used.

In building components like windows, doors, furniture, medium-density fiberboard, & paper, softwoods are used.

Density

Hardwoods have a higher density than most of the softwoods.

Softwoods have a lower density than most of the hardwoods.

Cost

These woods are more expensive than softwoods.

These woods are less expensive as compared to the hardwood.

Growth

The rate of growth is slower for hardwoods

The rate of growth is faster than hardwood.

Shedding of Leaves

Over a period of time in autumn and winter hardwoods shed their leaves.

Throughout the year softwoods tend to keep their needles.

Trees Example

Alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut are examples of hardwoods.

Cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are examples of softwoods.

Fire Resistance

Hardwoods have more fire resistance.

Softwoods have poor fire resistance.

Weight

These woods are harder and heavier than softwoods.

These woods are lightweight and softer as compared to hardwoods.

Color

Hardwoods are dark colored woods.

Light in color.

Weather Resistance

These woods are having a less environmental impact and naturally resistant to weather.

Having an environmental impact, if treated then these may become resistant to weather.

Ring Structure

There are not distinct annual rings.

There are distinct annual rings.

Tensile & Shear Strength

These woods have good shear and tensile strength.

These woods have comparatively weaker shear strength and well tensile strength.

Wood Branching

These woods have fewer shots.

These woods create more shoots and branches.

Workability

To curve these woods are difficult.

To crave these woods are easier.