From angiosperm trees that are not monocots and usually broad-leaved and Has vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood, hardwood is formed and these elements appear as pores under a microscope.
From gymnosperm trees which usually have needles and cones and rays, softwood is formed and tracheids transport water and produce sap and have no visible pores because of tracheids under a microscope.
In high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and construction that need to last, hardwoods are more likely used.
|In building components like windows, doors, furniture, medium-density fiberboard, & paper, softwoods are used.|
|Hardwoods have a higher density than most of the softwoods.|
Softwoods have a lower density than most of the hardwoods.
These woods are more expensive than softwoods.
|These woods are less expensive as compared to the hardwood.|
|The rate of growth is slower for hardwoods|
The rate of growth is faster than hardwood.
Shedding of Leaves
Over a period of time in autumn and winter hardwoods shed their leaves.
|Throughout the year softwoods tend to keep their needles.|
|Alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut are examples of hardwoods.|
Cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew are examples of softwoods.
Hardwoods have more fire resistance.
|Softwoods have poor fire resistance.|
These woods are harder and heavier than softwoods.
These woods are lightweight and softer as compared to hardwoods.
|Hardwoods are dark colored woods.|
Light in color.
|These woods are having a less environmental impact and naturally resistant to weather.|
Having an environmental impact, if treated then these may become resistant to weather.
There are not distinct annual rings.
There are distinct annual rings.
Tensile & Shear Strength
These woods have good shear and tensile strength.
|These woods have comparatively weaker shear strength and well tensile strength.|
|These woods have fewer shots.|
These woods create more shoots and branches.
To curve these woods are difficult.
To crave these woods are easier.