For millions of years, eucalyptus trees have grown in Australia and they are now grown all over the world. Able to withstand intense heat and sun that would destroy most plants, they remain strong and healthy with little care in warm climates. Their leathery green leaves also release a distinctive, earthy scent that fills the air.
In their native Australia, eucalyptus trees endure incredibly harsh weather thanks to their strength and toughness. The bark of eucalyptus trees is able to cope with extreme heat and even fire, making it a good tree to grow in hot and unforgiving climates. Though oils in eucalyptus trees may intensify flames, the trees experience an internal chemical change in the event of fire, resulting in new buds once the danger has passed.
Eucalyptus wood is relatively plentiful and inexpensive, which makes it a valuable item among woodworkers, carpenters and construction companies. Wood from these trees is generally flexible and easy with which to work. It is easy to cut and slice, sand, polish and finish, and absorbs primers and paints quite well. Eucalyptus trees produce wood that is distinct in color and smell, which makes it valuable for aesthetic uses as well as commercial and industrial uses. Wood from these trees is red to rusty brown in appearance and darkens as it ages. The addition of a finishing coat can enhance the natural color of Eucalyptus wood, too, and gives dark crimson woods and shavings richer, more robust shades. Eucalyptus woods have loosely interlocked grains, which may have rippled or fiddleback patterns depending on growing conditions. Eucalyptus wood has a medium to coarse appearance and texture, and is resistant to termites and other insects. When cut, this wood remains strong and dense, and it may last up to 20 years without decaying.