What is difference between Hardwood and Softwood?

- Jun 06, 2019-

hardwood VS Softwood

hardwood is the wood that comes from an angiosperm tree. This is a type of tree that has seeds that are enclosed, be it in pods, a shell, a covering or in a fruit. Some famous hardwoods include maple, balsa, oak, elm, mahogany, and sycamore.
Softwoods generally are wood from a gymnosperm tree. A gymnosperm is a type of tree that has seed that have no covering and tend to fall to the ground. Some famous softwood trees are pine, redwood, fir, cedar, and larch.

Hardwood versus Softwood comparison chart


Hardwood

Softwood

Definition

Comes from angiosperm trees that are not monocots; trees are usually broad-leaved. Has vessel elements that transport water throughout the wood; under a microscope, these elements appear as pores.

Comes from gymnosperm trees which usually have needles and cones. Medullary rays and tracheids transport water and produce sap. When viewed under a microscope, softwoods have no visible pores because of tracheids.

Uses

hardwoods are more likely to be found in high-quality furniture, decks, flooring, and construction that needs to last.

About 80% of all timber comes from softwood. Softwoods have a wide range of applications and are found in building components (e.g., windows, doors), furniture, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), paper, Christmas trees, and much more.

Examples

Examples of hardwood trees include alder, balsa, beech, hickory, mahogany, maple, oak, teak, and walnut.

Examples of softwood trees are cedar, Douglas fir, juniper, pine, redwood, spruce, and yew.

Density

Most hardwoods have a higher density than most softwoods.

Most softwoods have a lower density than most hardwoods.

Cost

Hardwood is typically more expensive than softwood.

Softwood is typically less expensive compared to hardwood.

Growth

Hardwood has a slower growth rate.

Softwood has a faster rate of growth.

Shedding of leaves

Hardwoods shed their leaves over a period of time in autumn and winter.

Softwoods tend to keep their needles throughout the year.

Fire Resistance

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Poor